Emergency Services: What To Know While In Bulgaria - Answers & Video

Emergency Services: What To Know While In Bulgaria

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Emergency Services: What to Know While in Bulgaria

Bulgaria is a beautiful country located in Southeastern Europe, known for its rich history, stunning landscapes, and vibrant culture. While exploring this enchanting destination, it’s crucial to be aware of the emergency services available to ensure your safety and well-being. This guide aims to provide you with detailed information about emergency services in Bulgaria, including contact numbers and essential tips for handling emergencies effectively.

Medical Services

When it comes to medical emergencies, Bulgaria offers a reliable healthcare system with well-equipped hospitals and medical facilities. In case of any medical emergency, dial 112, the general emergency number, to reach the Bulgarian emergency services. The operators are trained to handle medical emergencies and will dispatch an ambulance to your location promptly.

  • Ambulance Services: Bulgarian ambulances are equipped with modern medical equipment and staffed by trained professionals. They provide emergency medical assistance and transportation to hospitals. It’s important to note that ambulance services are free of charge for Bulgarian citizens and residents, but non-residents may be required to pay a fee.
  • Hospitals and Clinics: Bulgaria has a network of hospitals and clinics that offer a wide range of medical services. In case of a non-life-threatening emergency, it’s advisable to visit the nearest hospital or clinic. Some well-known hospitals in Bulgaria include the Pirogov Emergency Institute in Sofia, the St. Marina University Hospital in Varna, and the University Hospital “St. Ekaterina” in Sofia.
  • Pharmacies: Pharmacies in Bulgaria are easily accessible, and you can find them in almost every city and town. They provide both prescription and over-the-counter medications. If you need medication outside of regular working hours, look for 24-hour pharmacies or ask at your hotel for assistance.

Police Services

In case of any criminal activity, accidents, or other incidents requiring police assistance, it’s important to contact the Bulgarian police immediately. The emergency number for the police is 112, which connects you to the national emergency call center. The operators will dispatch a police officer to your location to handle the situation.

  • National Police: The Bulgarian National Police is responsible for maintaining public safety and enforcing the law. They are well-trained professionals who can handle various types of emergencies. It’s important to provide accurate information about the incident when contacting the police.
  • Tourist Police: Bulgaria also has dedicated tourist police units in popular tourist areas. They are trained to assist tourists and provide information in multiple languages. The tourist police can help with lost documents, theft, or any other issues tourists may encounter during their stay.
  • Reporting a Crime: If you need to report a crime or provide information about a criminal activity, you can visit the nearest police station or call the non-emergency police line at 166.

Fire Services

In the event of a fire or any situation requiring firefighting services, it’s crucial to contact the Bulgarian fire department immediately. The emergency number for fire services is 112, which connects you to the national emergency call center. The operators will dispatch firefighters to your location to handle the situation.

  • Firefighters: Bulgarian firefighters are well-trained professionals equipped with modern firefighting equipment. They respond to various emergencies, including building fires, forest fires, and accidents involving hazardous materials. It’s important to provide accurate information about the incident when contacting the fire department.
  • Fire Safety Tips: To prevent fires, it’s essential to follow fire safety guidelines. Avoid smoking in restricted areas, ensure proper use and maintenance of electrical appliances, and be cautious when handling open flames. Familiarize yourself with the emergency exits in your accommodation and follow any fire safety instructions provided.

Mountain Rescue Services

Bulgaria is home to stunning mountain ranges, attracting outdoor enthusiasts and adventurers. If you’re planning to explore the mountains, it’s crucial to be prepared and aware of the mountain rescue services available in case of emergencies.

  • Mountain Rescue Teams: Bulgaria has dedicated mountain rescue teams that operate in various mountainous regions. These teams consist of highly skilled professionals trained in mountain rescue techniques. If you find yourself in a dangerous situation while hiking or climbing, contact the emergency number 112, and they will coordinate the rescue operation.
  • Mountain Safety: It’s essential to be well-prepared before embarking on a mountain adventure. Inform someone about your plans, carry necessary equipment such as maps, compasses, and first aid kits, and check weather conditions before heading out. Always follow safety guidelines and be aware of your surroundings.

Coast Guard

Bulgaria’s coastline along the Black Sea is a popular destination for beach lovers. To ensure safety at sea, Bulgaria has a Coast Guard responsible for maritime search and rescue operations.

  • Maritime Emergencies: In case of maritime emergencies, such as boat accidents or drowning incidents, contact the Bulgarian Coast Guard at the emergency number 112. They will dispatch rescue vessels or helicopters to the location to provide assistance.
  • Beach Safety: When visiting Bulgarian beaches, it’s important to follow beach safety guidelines. Pay attention to warning flags, swim within designated areas, and avoid swimming alone. If you encounter any difficulties in the water, call for help immediately.

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Emergency Contacts

  • General Emergency: 112
  • Police: 112
  • Ambulance: 112
  • Fire Services: 112
  • Mountain Rescue: 112
  • Coast Guard: 112

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Exploring Bulgaria can be a remarkable experience, but it’s crucial to prioritize your safety and be prepared for any emergencies that may arise. Familiarize yourself with the emergency contact numbers and the services available in Bulgaria. Remember to stay calm, provide accurate information, and follow the instructions given by the emergency service operators. By being prepared and informed, you can ensure a safe and enjoyable trip to Bulgaria.


– Bulgarian Ministry of Interior: www.mvr.bg
– Bulgarian Red Cross: www.redcross.bg
– Bulgarian National Tourist Board: www.bulgariatravel.org
– Pirogov Emergency Institute: www.pirogov.bg
– St. Marina University Hospital: www.vma.bg
– University Hospital “St. Ekaterina”: www.svetaekaterina.bg

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