Emergency Services: What To Know While In Portugal - Answers & Video

Emergency Services: What To Know While In Portugal

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Emergency Services: What to Know While in Portugal

Portugal is a beautiful country located in Southern Europe, known for its stunning landscapes, rich history, and vibrant culture. While exploring this enchanting destination, it’s essential to familiarize yourself with the emergency services available in case of any unexpected situations. This article aims to provide you with comprehensive information about emergency services in Portugal, ensuring your safety and peace of mind during your visit.

Medical Services

When it comes to medical emergencies, Portugal offers a reliable and efficient healthcare system. The country has an extensive network of hospitals, clinics, and health centers that cater to both locals and tourists. Some important points to note about medical services in Portugal include:

  • Public Healthcare: Portugal has a public healthcare system known as Serviço Nacional de Saúde (SNS). It provides free or low-cost medical services to residents and EU citizens with a European Health Insurance Card (EHIC). Non-EU visitors should have travel insurance to cover any medical expenses.
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  • Private Healthcare: Private healthcare facilities are also available in Portugal, offering faster access to medical services and English-speaking staff. However, it’s important to note that private healthcare can be more expensive.
  • Emergency Numbers: In case of a medical emergency, dial 112, the national emergency number in Portugal. The operators will dispatch an ambulance to your location.
  • Pharmacies: Pharmacies, indicated by a green cross sign, are widespread in Portugal. They provide over-the-counter medications, prescription drugs, and health advice. Some pharmacies operate 24/7, ensuring access to medication at all times.

Police Services

The police services in Portugal play a crucial role in maintaining law and order throughout the country. Here are some important details regarding the police services:

  • G.N.R.: The Guarda Nacional Republicana (G.N.R.) is the national Republican Guard responsible for general policing, traffic control, and rural areas. They are identifiable by their distinctive uniforms and patrol vehicles.
  • P.S.P.: The Polícia de Segurança Pública (P.S.P.) is the Public Security Police, primarily responsible for urban policing and crime prevention in major cities. They work alongside the G.N.R. to ensure public safety.
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  • Emergency Numbers: In case of any emergency requiring police assistance, dial 112. The operators will connect you to the appropriate police service based on your location.
  • Tourist Support: Portugal has dedicated tourist support offices, known as “Turismo de Portugal,” which can assist visitors with general inquiries, lost documents, and emergencies related to tourism.

Fire and Rescue Services

Fire and rescue services in Portugal are well-equipped and highly trained to handle various emergency situations. Here’s what you need to know:

  • Bombeiros: The Associação Humanitária dos Bombeiros Voluntários (AHBV) is the association of volunteer firefighters in Portugal. They provide firefighting, rescue, and emergency medical services.
  • Emergency Numbers: In case of a fire or rescue emergency, dial 112. The operators will coordinate the response and dispatch the appropriate fire and rescue team to your location.
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  • Prevention and Safety: To ensure your safety, it’s important to follow fire safety regulations, especially in accommodation establishments. Familiarize yourself with the emergency exits, fire extinguishers, and evacuation procedures.
  • Forest Fires: Portugal is prone to forest fires, especially during the summer months. Stay updated with local news and follow any instructions or warnings issued by authorities.

Coast Guard and Maritime Services

With its extensive coastline, Portugal has a strong focus on coast guard and maritime services. Here’s what you should know:

  • Maritime Authority: The Autoridade Marítima Nacional (AMN) is responsible for maritime safety and security along the Portuguese coast. They enforce regulations, conduct search and rescue operations, and monitor maritime activities.
  • Emergency Numbers: In case of maritime emergencies, such as accidents or distress at sea, dial 112. The operators will connect you to the appropriate coast guard services.
  • Beach Safety: Portugal’s beaches are popular tourist attractions. Pay attention to warning signs, flags, and lifeguards’ instructions to ensure your safety while swimming or participating in water sports.

Airport and Travel Assistance

When traveling to or from Portugal, it’s essential to be aware of the airport and travel assistance services available:

  • Airport Security: Portugal’s airports have strict security measures in place to ensure passenger safety. Follow the instructions of airport staff and comply with security checks.
  • Lost Luggage: In case of lost or damaged luggage, contact the appropriate airline’s customer service desk located at the airport. They will assist you in filing a report and tracking your belongings.
  • Travel Insurance: It is highly recommended to have travel insurance that covers medical emergencies, trip cancellations, and lost belongings. Check the terms and coverage of your insurance policy before traveling.

Natural Disasters and Emergency Preparedness

While Portugal is generally safe, it’s important to be prepared for natural disasters and unforeseen emergencies. Here are some key points:

  • Earthquakes: Portugal is located in an earthquake-prone region. Familiarize yourself with safety procedures, such as “Drop, Cover, and Hold On,” and follow any instructions provided by local authorities during an earthquake.
  • Flooding: Some areas in Portugal are susceptible to flooding, especially during heavy rainfall. Stay informed about weather conditions and follow evacuation orders if necessary.
  • Emergency Kits: It’s advisable to have an emergency kit containing essential items like food, water, medications, flashlight, and a first aid kit. This will help you cope with any unforeseen circumstances.


In conclusion, knowing about the emergency services available in Portugal is vital to ensure your safety and well-being while visiting this remarkable country. Familiarize yourself with the emergency numbers, healthcare options, and safety procedures to be prepared for any unexpected situations. By staying informed and taking necessary precautions, you can fully enjoy your time in Portugal with peace of mind.


– National Health Service Portugal: www.sns.gov.pt
– Portugal Police: www.psp.pt
– Guarda Nacional Republicana: www.gnr.pt
– Autoridade Nacional de Emergência e Proteção Civil: www.prociv.pt
– Autoridade Marítima Nacional: www.amn.pt

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