Getting Around: Transportation Tips For Azerbaijan - Answers & Video

Getting Around: Transportation Tips For Azerbaijan

Table of Contents (Quick Links)

Listen (English voice)

Azerbaijan Video

Getting Around: Transportation Tips for Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan, a beautiful country located at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia, offers travelers a diverse range of experiences. From its stunning landscapes to its rich cultural heritage, Azerbaijan has much to offer. When visiting this country, it’s important to know how to navigate its transportation system to make the most of your trip. This article will provide you with transportation tips for getting around Azerbaijan, ensuring a smooth and enjoyable journey.

1. Baku Metro

The Baku Metro is a convenient and affordable way to travel around the capital city of Baku. With its modern infrastructure, the metro system allows visitors to reach various destinations quickly and efficiently. The metro operates from 6:00 am to midnight, with trains running at frequent intervals. The stations are well-maintained and provide easy access to popular tourist attractions, shopping centers, and residential areas.

  • Token System: To enter the metro, you need to purchase a token from the ticket vending machines located at each station. The fare is affordable, and the tokens can be used for a single journey.
  • Navigation: The Baku Metro consists of three lines: Red, Green, and Purple. Each line has a distinct color and connects different parts of the city. Maps and signs in both Azerbaijani and English are available at the stations to assist passengers in navigating the system.
  • Safety Measures: The Baku Metro has a strong emphasis on safety. CCTV cameras are installed in all stations and trains, and security personnel are present to ensure the well-being of passengers.

2. Buses

Buses in Azerbaijan are a popular mode of transportation for both short and long distances. They offer a cost-effective way to explore the country’s diverse landscapes, including rural areas and mountainous regions. Buses are operated by various companies, and the routes are well-established, connecting major cities and towns.

  • Ticketing: Bus tickets can be purchased directly from the bus station or from ticket booths located nearby. It is advisable to buy your ticket in advance, especially during peak travel seasons, to secure your seat.
  • Comfort: Buses in Azerbaijan vary in terms of comfort and amenities. Some buses offer air conditioning, while others may not. Additionally, long-distance buses often have reclining seats, allowing passengers to relax during their journey.
  • Timeliness: It’s important to note that bus schedules in Azerbaijan may not always be strictly followed. Delays can occur due to various factors, such as traffic congestion or road conditions. It’s recommended to plan your journey with some flexibility in mind.

3. Taxis

Taxis are a convenient and readily available mode of transportation in Azerbaijan. They are particularly useful for shorter distances within cities or when traveling to specific destinations. Taxis can be hailed from the street or booked through mobile applications.

  • Types of Taxis: There are two main types of taxis in Azerbaijan: official taxis and private taxis. Official taxis are easily identifiable by their distinctive colors and logos, while private taxis are usually regular cars without any specific markings. Both types operate throughout the country.
  • Fares: Taxis in Azerbaijan operate on a metered system, and the fare is calculated based on the distance traveled. It’s advisable to ensure that the meter is running and visible during your journey. It’s also recommended to carry small denominations of local currency to pay for your taxi ride.
  • Shared Taxis: Shared taxis, known as “marshrutkas,” are a popular option for traveling between towns and cities. These minivans follow specific routes and pick up passengers along the way. Marshrutkas can be a cost-effective way to travel, especially if you’re on a budget.

4. Trains

Trains are another mode of transportation to consider when traveling within Azerbaijan. The country has an extensive railway network that connects major cities and towns, offering scenic views of the countryside along the way.

  • Train Types: Azerbaijan has different types of trains, including express trains and overnight sleeper trains. Express trains are faster and more comfortable, while sleeper trains provide berths for overnight journeys.
  • Booking: Train tickets can be purchased at railway stations or online through the official website of Azerbaijan Railways. It’s advisable to book your tickets in advance, especially during peak travel seasons.
  • Amenities: Trains in Azerbaijan are equipped with basic amenities, such as comfortable seating, toilets, and dining cars. Some trains also offer Wi-Fi services, allowing passengers to stay connected during their journey.

5. Rental Cars

If you prefer the flexibility of having your own vehicle, renting a car is a viable option in Azerbaijan. Renting a car allows you to explore the country at your own pace and visit off-the-beaten-path destinations.

  • Car Rental Companies: Several international and local car rental companies operate in Azerbaijan. It’s recommended to compare prices and read reviews before making a reservation.
  • Driving License: To rent a car in Azerbaijan, you must have a valid international driving license or a national driving license accompanied by an official translation in English or Azerbaijani.
  • Traffic Rules: Familiarize yourself with the local traffic rules and regulations before driving in Azerbaijan. It’s important to adhere to speed limits and other road signs for your safety.

6. Cycling

Cycling enthusiasts can explore Azerbaijan’s scenic landscapes by renting bicycles. Many cities, such as Baku, offer bike-sharing services, allowing visitors to easily rent bicycles for short trips.

  • Bike-Sharing: Baku, the capital city, has a bike-sharing program called “Baku Bike.” Visitors can rent bicycles from designated stations and return them at any other station within the city. The service is affordable and provides a fun way to explore Baku’s attractions.
  • Cycling Routes: Azerbaijan offers various cycling routes, ranging from coastal paths to mountain trails. Research and plan your route in advance to ensure a safe and enjoyable cycling experience.
  • Safety Precautions: Wear appropriate safety gear, such as helmets, when cycling in Azerbaijan. Follow traffic rules and be mindful of pedestrians and other vehicles on the road.

7. Ferries

If you’re planning to explore Azerbaijan’s coastal areas or nearby islands, ferries provide a convenient mode of transportation. Ferries operate between Baku and the Absheron Peninsula, as well as to destinations along the Caspian Sea.

  • Routes and Schedules: Ferries have specific routes and schedules, so it’s important to check the timings in advance. Tickets can be purchased at the ferry terminals or through authorized agents.
  • Duration: The duration of ferry journeys can vary depending on the destination. It’s recommended to plan your itinerary accordingly and allocate sufficient time for your ferry travel.
  • Amenities: Ferries are equipped with basic amenities, such as seating areas and onboard facilities. Some ferries may also have cafes or restaurants where you can enjoy refreshments during the journey.

8. Rideshare Services

Rideshare services, such as Uber and Bolt, operate in Baku, offering a convenient and reliable way to get around the city. These services can be accessed through mobile applications, allowing you to book rides directly from your smartphone.

  • Availability: Rideshare services are widely available in Baku, particularly in busy areas and tourist hotspots. You can easily request a ride and track the driver’s location through the app.
  • Fare Estimates: Rideshare apps provide fare estimates before confirming your booking, giving you an idea of the cost of your journey. The fare is calculated based on the distance traveled and the duration of the ride.
  • Payment: Rideshare services in Azerbaijan usually accept cash and card payments. It’s advisable to check the payment options available in the app and have the necessary payment method ready.

9. Air Travel

For long-distance travel within Azerbaijan or to international destinations, air travel is the fastest and most convenient option. Azerbaijan has several airports, including Heydar Aliyev International Airport in Baku, which serves as the main gateway to the country.

  • Flight Booking: Flight tickets can be booked through various online travel agencies or directly from the airlines’ websites. It’s advisable to compare prices and check for any additional fees or baggage restrictions.
  • Airport Transfers: Most airports in Azerbaijan are well-connected to the city centers through public transportation, taxis, or airport shuttle services. It’s recommended to plan your airport transfers in advance to avoid any last-minute inconvenience.
  • Security Procedures: When traveling by air, familiarize yourself with the security procedures and baggage restrictions implemented by the airports. Arrive at the airport well in advance to allow sufficient time for check-in and security checks.

Azerbaijan Image 1:


10. Traveling by Foot

Exploring Azerbaijan on foot is a great way to immerse yourself in the local culture and discover hidden gems. Many cities and towns in Azerbaijan have well-preserved historical centers and pedestrian-friendly areas.

  • Walking Tours: Joining a guided walking tour can provide valuable insights into the history, architecture, and culture of Azerbaijan. These tours are usually led by knowledgeable guides who can offer interesting anecdotes and stories about the places you visit.
  • Maps and Directions: Carry a detailed map or use a navigation app on your smartphone to navigate the streets and find your way around. Be aware of your surroundings and follow designated pedestrian paths for your safety.
  • Comfortable Footwear: Wear comfortable shoes suitable for walking to ensure a pleasant experience. Azerbaijan’s cities and towns often have cobblestone streets, so sturdy footwear is recommended.

11. Horseback Riding

Azerbaijan is known for its equestrian traditions, and horseback riding is a unique way to explore the country’s rural landscapes and mountainous regions.

  • Horseback Riding Tours: Several tour operators offer horseback riding tours in Azerbaijan, catering to both beginners and experienced riders. These tours allow you to witness the natural beauty of the country while enjoying the thrill of riding.
  • Training and Safety: If you’re new to horseback riding, opt for tours that provide training sessions and experienced guides. It’s important to follow the safety instructions and guidelines provided by the tour operator.
  • Scenic Routes: Horseback riding tours often take you through picturesque landscapes, including lush valleys, mountains, and rural villages. Enjoy the serenity of nature as you explore Azerbaijan from a different perspective.

Azerbaijan Image 2:


12. Water Taxis

When exploring Azerbaijan’s coastal areas or traveling between islands, water taxis offer a unique and scenic mode of transportation.

  • Water Taxi Services: Water taxis operate in certain areas, such as the Caspian Sea, connecting coastal towns and islands. These services provide a quick and enjoyable way to travel, offering stunning views of the surrounding landscapes.
  • Ticketing: Tickets for water taxi services can usually be purchased at the departure points or through authorized agents. It’s advisable to check the schedules in advance and arrive early to secure your seat.
  • Private Charters: For a more exclusive experience, private water taxis can be chartered for personalized tours or special occasions. These charters allow you to customize your itinerary and explore specific destinations at your own pace.

Azerbaijan Image 3:



Getting around Azerbaijan is made easy with a variety of transportation options available. Whether you choose to explore the cities by metro, venture into the countryside by bus, or embark on a scenic journey by train, there is a mode of transportation to suit every traveler’s needs. Remember to plan your journeys in advance, familiarize yourself with the local transportation systems, and enjoy the diverse landscapes and rich cultural experiences that Azerbaijan has to offer.


Weathering Azerbaijan: Seasonal Changes And What To Expect

Azerbaijan For Digital Nomads & Expats

Networking In Azerbaijan: Where To Meet Fellow Digital Nomads

Digital Detox: Nature Retreats In Azerbaijan

Exploring Azerbaijan On Weekends: Short Getaways For Rejuvenation

Local SIM Cards And Data Plans In Azerbaijan