Robben Island, located off the coast of Cape Town in South Africa, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The island has a long and varied history, and it has been used for various purposes over the centuries, including as a place of exile, a prison, and a hospital. The most famous period in the island’s history was during the apartheid era, when it was used as a prison for political prisoners, including Nelson Mandela, who was imprisoned there for 18 of his 27 years in jail. Today, Robben Island is a museum and a symbol of South Africa’s struggle for freedom and democracy. Visitors to the island can take guided tours of the prison and learn about the history of the island and the people who were imprisoned there.