Local Celebrations And Holidays: What To Expect In Egypt - Answers & Video

Local Celebrations And Holidays: What To Expect In Egypt

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Local Celebrations and Holidays: What to Expect in Egypt

Egypt is a country rich in culture and history, and its local celebrations and holidays are a vibrant reflection of its traditions and customs. From religious festivals to national holidays, Egyptians take great pride in their celebrations, making them a unique experience for both locals and visitors. In this article, we will explore some of the most significant celebrations and holidays in Egypt, providing you with a glimpse into the rich tapestry of Egyptian culture.

Egyptian New Year: Sham El-Nessim

Sham El-Nessim is an ancient Egyptian celebration that marks the arrival of spring. It is celebrated on the Monday following the Coptic Easter. The name “Sham El-Nessim” translates to “smelling the breeze,” symbolizing the awakening of nature after the winter season. During this holiday, Egyptians engage in various activities such as picnicking, eating traditional foods like salted fish and colored eggs, and spending time with family and friends. It is a joyful celebration that brings people together to embrace the beauty of nature and the beginning of a new season.

  • Picnicking: Egyptians take advantage of the pleasant weather during Sham El-Nessim by going on picnics in parks, gardens, or along the Nile River. Families gather together, bringing homemade meals and enjoying outdoor activities.
  • Traditional Foods: Salted fish, known as “feseekh,” is a staple dish during Sham El-Nessim. Egyptians believe that eating feseekh brings good luck and wards off evil spirits. Colored eggs are also a common treat during this holiday.
  • Family Time: Sham El-Nessim is a time for families to come together and strengthen their bonds. Relatives visit each other’s homes, exchange greetings, and enjoy quality time in a festive atmosphere.

Islamic New Year: Al-Hijra

Al-Hijra, also known as the Islamic New Year, is an important religious holiday in Egypt. It marks the migration of Prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Medina and the beginning of the Islamic calendar. Egyptians commemorate this event with various religious activities and rituals.

  • Religious Observances: On Al-Hijra, Egyptians attend special prayers at mosques and listen to sermons that reflect on the significance of Prophet Muhammad’s journey. The prayers are followed by communal meals and acts of charity.
  • Decorations: Homes and streets are adorned with lights and colorful decorations during Al-Hijra. Egyptians take pride in beautifying their surroundings to create a joyful atmosphere that reflects the importance of the occasion.
  • Community Gatherings: Al-Hijra is a time for communities to come together and strengthen their bonds. Families and friends visit each other, exchange gifts, and share meals. It is a time of unity and reflection.

Coptic Christmas: Christmas Eve and Christmas Day

Coptic Christmas is celebrated by the Coptic Orthodox Church in Egypt. It is held on January 7th and is a significant religious holiday for Coptic Christians. The celebrations span two days, starting with Christmas Eve and culminating in Christmas Day.

  • Midnight Mass: Coptic Christians attend midnight mass on Christmas Eve, which is a solemn and spiritual ceremony. The mass is conducted in Coptic, the liturgical language of the church, and includes prayers, hymns, and the reading of biblical passages.
  • Lighting of Candles: During the midnight mass, candles are lit to symbolize the birth of Jesus Christ, the light of the world. The church is filled with the warm glow of candlelight, creating a serene and reverent atmosphere.
  • Feasting and Festivities: After the midnight mass, families gather to share a festive meal. Traditional dishes such as stuffed pigeon, lamb, and various desserts are prepared and enjoyed together. Festivities continue throughout Christmas Day with music, dancing, and joyful celebrations.

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Egyptian Revolution Day: January 25th

Egyptian Revolution Day commemorates the start of the Egyptian Revolution of 2011, which led to the overthrow of President Hosni Mubarak. It is a national holiday that holds great significance for Egyptians, representing their fight for freedom and democracy.

  • Public Demonstrations: On January 25th, Egyptians take to the streets to commemorate the revolution. Peaceful demonstrations, rallies, and marches are held across the country, with people waving flags and chanting slogans.
  • Symbolic Gestures: Egyptians often wear the colors of the national flag, red, white, and black, as a symbol of unity and patriotism. Walls and buildings are adorned with graffiti and murals depicting revolutionary icons and messages of hope.
  • Reflection and Remembrance: Egyptian Revolution Day is also a time for reflection and remembrance. People pay tribute to the martyrs who sacrificed their lives during the revolution and honor the progress made towards a more democratic society.

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Eid al-Fitr: The Feast of Breaking the Fast

Eid al-Fitr is a major religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide. It marks the end of Ramadan, the holy month of fasting. Egyptians observe this joyous occasion with various traditions and customs.

  • Prayers and Sermons: On the morning of Eid al-Fitr, Muslims gather for special prayers at mosques. Imams deliver sermons that emphasize the importance of gratitude, forgiveness, and acts of charity.
  • Family Visits: Egyptians celebrate Eid al-Fitr by visiting family and friends. It is customary to exchange greetings and gifts, especially for children who receive “Eidiya,” a small sum of money, as a token of blessings.
  • Feasting and Sweet Treats: Eid al-Fitr is a time for indulgence in delicious foods and sweets. Traditional dishes such as lamb, rice, and various pastries are prepared and shared among loved ones. It is a time of culinary delights and communal feasting.

Pharaonic Festival: Abu Simbel Sun Festival

The Abu Simbel Sun Festival is a unique celebration that takes place twice a year in Abu Simbel, a temple complex in southern Egypt. It commemorates the alignment of the sun’s rays to illuminate the inner sanctum of the temple.

  • Sun Illumination: The highlight of the festival occurs on February 22nd and October 22nd, when the sun’s rays penetrate the temple’s inner chamber and illuminate the statues of Ramses II and the gods. This phenomenon occurs due to the precise alignment of the temple’s construction.
  • Cultural Performances: The Abu Simbel Sun Festival is not only a visual spectacle but also a celebration of Egyptian culture. Traditional music, dance performances, and storytelling take place, providing visitors with an immersive experience.
  • Historical Significance: The festival pays homage to the architectural brilliance of ancient Egypt and the legacy of Ramses II. It is a testament to the engineering marvels of the past and the enduring appeal of Egypt’s ancient civilization.

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Egyptian celebrations and holidays offer a glimpse into the country’s rich heritage and cultural diversity. From religious observances to national commemorations, each event holds a special place in the hearts of Egyptians. Whether you visit during Sham El-Nessim, experience the joy of Coptic Christmas, or witness the historic Abu Simbel Sun Festival, Egypt’s celebrations will immerse you in the vibrant tapestry of its traditions. So, plan your visit accordingly and embrace the opportunity to be part of these unique cultural experiences.


– Egypt State Information Service: www.sis.gov.eg
– Egypt Travel: www.egypt.travel
– Tour Egypt: www.touregypt.net
– Al-Ahram Weekly: weekly.ahram.org.eg

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