Navigating Local Taxes And Business Regulations In Greece - Answers & Video

Navigating Local Taxes And Business Regulations In Greece

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Greece, with its rich history, beautiful landscapes, and vibrant culture, is an attractive destination for starting a business. However, like any country, Greece has its own set of local taxes and business regulations that entrepreneurs need to navigate. Understanding these requirements is crucial to ensure compliance and the smooth operation of your business. In this article, we will explore the key aspects of navigating local taxes and business regulations in Greece.

Business Registration Process

To establish a business in Greece, you need to go through a registration process. Here are the steps involved:

  • Determine your business structure: Before registering your business, you need to decide on the legal structure, such as a sole proprietorship, partnership, or limited liability company (LLC). Each structure has its own implications in terms of liability, taxation, and governance.
  • Choose a unique business name: Select a unique name for your business that reflects its nature and is not already in use by another entity.
  • Prepare necessary documents: Gather the required documents, which typically include identification, proof of address, and any relevant permits or licenses depending on your industry.
  • Submit the application: Submit your application to the General Commercial Registry (GEMI) or the Single Business Portal (ESET) online platform. Pay any applicable fees.
  • Receive the registration certificate: Once your application is approved, you will receive a registration certificate, officially establishing your business in Greece.

Tax Obligations for Businesses

Running a business in Greece entails various tax obligations. Here are the key taxes you need to be aware of:

  • Corporate Income Tax: Businesses in Greece are subject to corporate income tax on their profits. The standard corporate tax rate is currently 24%. However, there are certain incentives and exemptions available for specific industries or regions.
  • Value Added Tax (VAT): VAT is applicable to most goods and services in Greece. The standard VAT rate is 24%, with reduced rates of 13% and 6% for certain categories of goods and services.
  • Social Security Contributions: Employers and employees are required to contribute to social security funds. The rates vary depending on the income level and type of employment.
  • Property Tax: Property owners in Greece are liable to pay an annual property tax based on the value of the property. The tax rates depend on the location and size of the property.
  • Withholding Tax: Greece has withholding tax obligations for certain types of payments made to non-residents, such as dividends, interest, royalties, and fees for technical services.

Labor Laws and Employment Regulations

When hiring employees in Greece, it is essential to comply with labor laws and employment regulations. Here are some key points to consider:

  • Employment Contracts: Employers must provide written employment contracts to their employees, outlining terms and conditions of employment, including compensation, working hours, and leave entitlements.
  • Minimum Wage: Greece has a statutory minimum wage, which is reviewed and adjusted periodically. Employers must ensure they meet the minimum wage requirements.
  • Working Hours: The standard working week in Greece is 40 hours, with a maximum of 8 hours per day. Overtime work is subject to additional compensation.
  • Annual Leave: Employees are entitled to paid annual leave, which increases with years of service.
  • Termination of Employment: Employers must follow specific procedures when terminating an employee’s contract, including providing notice and potentially severance pay.

Intellectual Property Rights

Protecting your intellectual property (IP) is crucial for any business. In Greece, you can safeguard your IP rights through the following mechanisms:

  • Trademarks: Registering a trademark provides exclusive rights to use and protect your brand name, logo, or slogan.
  • Patents: Patents protect inventions and grant exclusive rights to the inventor for a specific period.
  • Copyrights: Copyright protection applies to literary, artistic, and intellectual works, such as books, music, and software.
  • Industrial Designs: Industrial designs cover the visual aspects of a product, including shape, pattern, or color.

Environmental Regulations

Operating a business in Greece requires compliance with environmental regulations to minimize the impact on the environment. Here are some key areas to consider:

  • Waste Management: Businesses must properly manage and dispose of waste, adhering to recycling and waste management guidelines.
  • Energy Efficiency: Implementing energy-efficient practices and technologies can help reduce environmental impact and potentially qualify for incentives.
  • Pollution Control: Depending on the industry, businesses may need permits or licenses to control emissions and ensure compliance with air and water quality standards.


Navigating local taxes and business regulations in Greece is essential for entrepreneurs looking to establish and operate a business in the country. By understanding the registration process, tax obligations, labor laws, intellectual property rights, and environmental regulations, you can ensure compliance and build a successful business. Remember to seek professional advice and stay updated with any changes in the legal and regulatory landscape.

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– General Commercial Registry (GEMI):
– Single Business Portal (ESET):
– Ministry of Finance – Taxation in Greece:
– Greek National Tourism Organization:
– Hellenic Copyright Organization:
– Greek Ministry of Environment and Energy:

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