Portugal is a parliamentary republic, which means that it is a country governed by a president and a parliament. The president is the head of state and is elected by the people. The parliament is made up of the Assembly of the Republic, which is the national legislature, and the government, which is responsible for implementing the laws and policies of the country.
In Portugal, the president has limited powers and acts as a ceremonial head of state. The prime minister, who is the head of government, is responsible for leading the government and has executive power. The prime minister is appointed by the president and is usually the leader of the party with the most seats in the Assembly of the Republic.
The Portuguese constitution guarantees fundamental rights and freedoms, such as freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and the right to a fair trial. Portugal has a democratic political system and holds regular elections to choose its leaders. The country is a member of the European Union and the United Nations, and it plays an active role in international affairs.